Effects of Country-of-Origin Labeling on Meat Producers and Consumers

Although several studies have estimated the costs of country-of-origin labeling (COOL), no previous study has documented how these costs will be distributed across the livestock sector or how producer and consumer welfare will be affected. This analysis presents an equilibrium displacement model of the farm, wholesale, and retail markets for beef, pork, and poultry that documents how producers and consumers will be affected by COOL. Findings reveal that as the costs of COOL are shifted from the producer to the processor and retailer, producers are made increasingly better off while consumers are made increasingly worse off. Further, an increase in aggregate consumer demand of 2% to 3% is likely sufficient to offset lost producer welfare due to COOL costs.


Lusk, Jayson L.; Anderson, John D., Effects of Country-of-Origin Labeling on Meat Producers and Consumers, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 29, Issue 2, August 2004, Pages 185-205

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