ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPETITIVENESS IN INTERNATIONAL PORK TRADE
Environmental concerns linked to hog production are growing in the United States, Canada, and the European Union. New regulations controlling animal manure management are being imposed to address these concerns. This study determines that potential increases in U.S. and Canadian environmental regulation would have minimal effects on the relative competitiveness of pork exports for these countries. By contrast, more stringent European Union regulations have potential to significantly reduce EU competitiveness and contribute to the trend of increasing export market share for U.S. and Canadian pork products.
Metcalfe, Mark R., ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMPETITIVENESS IN INTERNATIONAL PORK TRADE, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 27, Issue 1, July 2002, Pages 222-243
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