Horizon and Free-Rider Problems in Cooperative Organizations
This paper develops a model of heterogeneous individuals to analyze the interacting horizon and free-rider problems faced by cooperative organizations. Analytical results identify the conditions under which a cooperative will form despite these property rights problems and show that (i) differences in members’ time horizons need not necessarily lead to short-term cooperative investments and (ii) free riding is not always a problem for cooperatives. The analysis also shows how a cooperative can use a membership fee to address these property rights problems and provides additional insights into the relationship between a cooperative’s cost structure and membership fees.
Giannakas, Konstantinos; Fulton, Murray; Sesmero, Juan, Horizon and Free-Rider Problems in Cooperative Organizations, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 41, Issue 3, September 2016, Pages 372–392
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