Privatization, Public R&D Policy, and Private R&D Investment in China’s Agriculture

Private R&D is a major source of innovation and productivity growth in agriculture worldwide. This paper examines trends and determinants of agricultural R&D in China. Results show that while the public sector monopolized agricultural research until recently, private agricultural R&D has grown rapidly since 2000, driven largely by agribusiness privatization. Public-sector R&D investments in basic research also encouraged private R&D research, but public investments in technology development crowded out private R&D investment. China’s private R&D investment would grow more rapidly if the government shifted public resources from technology development to basic research.
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Hu, Ruifa; Liang, Qin; Pray, Carl E.; Huang, Jikun; Jin, Yanhong H., Privatization, Public R&D Policy, and Private R&D Investment in China's Agriculture, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 36, Issue 2, August 2011, Pages 416–432

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