STATE TRADING VERSUS EXPORT SUBSIDIES: THE CASE OF CANADIAN WHEAT
By: Alston, Julian M.; Gray, Richard S.
Alston, Julian M.; Gray, Richard S., STATE TRADING VERSUS EXPORT SUBSIDIES: THE CASE OF CANADIAN WHEAT, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 25, Issue 1, July 2000, Pages 51-67
Canada and the United States have used different trade policies to support their wheat industries. Canada conferred sole export powers to the Canadian Wheat Board, allowing it to price discriminate among markets. The U.S. government has funded transfers to its wheat producers from taxpayers, instead, through export subsidies. This study compares these two ways of supporting producers in terms of their transfer efficiency and overall deadweight losses, the incidence on different domestic interest groups, and their consequences for third party traders. In the analysis we consider the implications of market power of wheat marketing firms for the comparison of policy alternatives in the context of the Canadian wheat industry.