The Economics of Manure Utilization: Model and Application

A model of manure utilization is developed and applied to four types of transportable manure. Model results highlight important response differences among manure types and generally illustrate the diseconomies of manure production. For example, as manure production increases, manure value decreases and excess phosphate applications increase, thereby increasing the potential for phosphorus runoff. Policy scenarios limiting the manure application rate reduce manure value and excess phosphate application. Increasing the ratio of land using manure increases manure value while reducing excess phosphate application. Buildup of soil nutrients reduces manure value, but either increases or decreases excess phosphate application depending on the scenario.
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Keplinger, Keith O.; Hauck, Larry M., The Economics of Manure Utilization: Model and Application, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 31, Issue 2, August 2006, Pages 414–440

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