Weather Impacts the Agricultural Production Efficiency of Wheat: The Importance of Precipitation Shocks
By: Chen, Bowen ; Dennis, Elliott J. ; Featherstone, Allen M.
Chen, Bowen ; Dennis, Elliott J. ; Featherstone, Allen M., Weather Impacts the Agricultural Production Efficiency of Wheat: The Importance of Precipitation Shocks, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 47, Issue 3, September 2022, Pages 544-562
Many studies have explored the determinants of technical efficiency in crop production, but fewer have examined how weather might change technical efficiency over time. We estimate weather effects on technical efficiency using data from 540 Kansas winter wheat farms from 2007/08 to 2016/17 using a panel stochastic frontier model that controls for farm-specific heterogeneity with farm fixed effects. Results show that precipitation is nonlinearly related to technical efficiency and that extreme temperature is associated with lower technical efficiency. Improving resilience to precipitation shocks is key to sustained efficient wheat production in Kansas.