Hong, Yeon A.

By: Hong, Yeon A.; Gallardo, R. Karina; Fan, Xiaoli; Atallah, Shady; Gómez, Miguel I.
We investigate how phytosanitary regulations related to apple maggot could affect optimal pest control strategies and profits for apple producers potentially located in apple maggot quarantine areas. We estimate producer profits by an orchard's quarantine status subject to a phytosanitary regulation requiring an additional cold storage period, reflecting the import requirements of China and British Columbia (Canada). Interestingly, we find that the increased cost burden generated by the additional cold storage from quarantine areas has an unintended consequence of raising the number of chemical applications, suggesting a substitution effect between pesticide application and cold storage.
By: Galinato, Gregmar; Hong, Yeon A.
This article measures the effect of tobacco education program spending on adolescent tobacco use. We model how corruption influences the policy maker’s decision on subsidies that benefit firms to the detriment of education spending and its differential effect by gender. We estimate the effect of tobacco education program spending, instrumented by our corruption proxy, on adolescent tobacco use. More tobacco education program spending significantly increases the probability of never smoking among all adolescents but reduces the frequency of smoking only among adolescent females. One plausible explanation is that females have a more inelastic marginal utility of health than males.