While comparative advantage factors expand agricultural trade, trade and domestic policies and gravity factors can either promote or hinder commodity trade. We use a theoretical multicountry trade model to analyze how various factors impact agricultural trade. Following previous literature, we model cross-country productivity differences using a probabilistic distribution. We then empirically implement the theoretical model to quantify the effects of various determinants of agricultural trade. Production-inhibiting policies and tariffs hinder bilateral trade, while domestic institutional quality, support programs, and land endowments expand bilateral trade.