Schmitz, Troy G.

By: Zhang, Lisha ; Seale, James L. Jr. ; Paggi, Mechel S. ; Schmitz, Troy G.
The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) provides new U.S. food safety standards to lower the incidence of foodborne diseases. We analyze the FSMA in terms of adoption effects on differently sized domestic and foreign farms producing fresh tomatoes for the U.S. market. Findings indicate that adoption of the FSMA will negatively affect the revenues of very small farms the most as well as small U.S. farms. However, it will positively affect the revenues of foreign farms (especially Canadian) and large U.S. farms. This may lead to the restructuring of tomato production and distribution in the U.S. tomato market.
By: Valdez-Lafarga, Octavio; Schmitz, Troy G.; Englin, Jeffrey E.
We develop a framework to incorporate exchange rates into a differential demand system and apply it to U.S. demand for fresh tomatoes by country of origin. We find evidence of incomplete exchange-rate pass-through involving Mexico. Results indicate that accusations of dumping by American agricultural groups in 1995–1996 coincide with the appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the peso in 1994–1995. Traditional modeling approaches that do not account for exchangerate effects would not capture the distinction between dumping and changes in relative prices, leading to the conclusion that too many tomatoes were being imported from Mexico.
By: Schmitz, Troy G.; Lewis, Karen E.
When NAFTA became fully implemented for sugar in 2008, Mexico became the leading sugar exporter into the United States, accounting for nearly 70% of U.S. imports in 2013. A partial equilibrium trade model was developed to estimate the welfare implications of NAFTA for U.S. and Mexican sugar markets from 2008 to 2013. While the net effect of NAFTA on U.S. welfare and Mexican sugar producers was positive, U.S. sugar producers suffered significant losses. The net Mexican welfare effect of NAFTA was significantly positive in 2011, negative in 2008, and slightly positive in 2009–2010 and 2012–2013.
By: Schmitz, Troy G.; Gray, Richard S.
According to the U.S. General Accounting Office, the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) is the largest state trading enterprise reporting to the World Trade Organization under article XVII requirements. This study estimates the market power exerted by the CWB in international barley markets. The analysis incorporates international price discrimination across markets for similar types of barley, the intertwining relationships between feed and malting barley markets, and producer behavior in the absence of the CWB. The CWB was able to capture an annual average of $72 million in additional revenue beyond the amount that would have been generated by purely competitive multiple sellers of Canadian barley during the period 1985-94.