Published Online (Pre-Prints)

Advance articles are accepted but have not yet undergone the copyediting process in preparation for publication. Minor stylistic changes may occur during the publication preparation process.

By: Jeff Luckstead and Stephen Devadoss
5/23/2024
We develop a perennial-crop vintage-investment decision model that incorporates the dynamics of growers' endogenous removal and planting decisions with uncertainty in the future release date of a new variety. We apply the model to coconut cultivation to examine the effects of a new cultivar's higher yield, lower input requirements, and lower discard rates on the removal and planting decisions for various vintages of current trees and different announced release dates of new cultivars. Results show that if the new variety is highly (moderately) profitable, growers will alter their planting and removal decisions to plant the new variety sooner (later).
By: Modhurima Dey Amin, Jill J. McCluskey, Ron C. Mittelhammer, Sophie T. Wu, and Haley F. Oliver
5/23/2024
We investigate the relationship between the level of food safety risk in retail food establishments and average incomes in surrounding communities. Building on the environmental justice literature, we hypothesize that there is a relationship between community income levels and levels of food safety risk. Using data on the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) obtained from grocery store delis, we find that stores located in census tracts whose residents are in lower income quartiles have greater Lm prevalence. An indicator for American Indian and Alaskan Native residents also has a positive statistically significant relationship with food safety risk.
By: Jihyun Eum, Ian Sheldon, Hyeseon Shin, and Stanley Thompson
5/23/2024
In this paper, the effect of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on upgrading of food product quality is analyzed. Based on a multi-sector Schumpeterian model, and given threat of entry, compliance costs, and monopoly profits, NTMs are predicted to have heterogeneous effects on quality upgrading. Using disaggregated data for 14 European Union (EU) countries across 18 food industries for the period 2008-2019, NTM enforcement is found to deter quality upgrading for products distant from the quality frontier due to compliance costs. Conversely, NTM enforcement stimulates quality upgrading for products close to the quality frontier, given an increased probability of capturing monopoly profits.
By: Tiesta Thakur, Terrance M. Hurley, Frances R. Homans, and Robert G. Haight
5/23/2024
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) has caused turbulence in international beef markets over the last 40 years and resulted in severe economic consequences for countries with identified BSE cases. BrazilÕs latest atypical BSE cases occurred in 2021 and 2023, and China banned Brazilian beef imports in each case. This study employs a computable general equilibrium model to assess the economy-wide impacts of BSE in Brazil due to negative domestic and international market reactions. Decreased beef exports lead to welfare losses for Brazil, while BrazilÕs most important competitors in the international market for beef benefit from trade diversion.
By: Ta’s C. de Menezes, Amanda M. Countryman, Amy D. Hagerman, and S’lvia H. Galv‹o de Miranda
5/23/2024
We explore the impact of direct marketing on farm sales applying a treatment effect generated by a multinomial selection process. Producers engaged in direct marketing using diversified outlets experience significant sales gains as do producers who market primarily to consumers. The direct marketing effect is apparent even after controlling for operator demographics, farming and marketing experience, characteristics of the farm operation such as crop choices and diversification across commodities, and geographic effects. Using data from the Local Food Marketing Practices Survey (LFMPS), direct sales are higher by 31 percent for marketing in diversified channels and 148 percent for the marketing primarily to retailers, an effect that is relative to those marketing to consumers. We distinguish between experience in farming and experience in direct marketing. Both types of experience contribute to higher sales but the effect is stronger for experience in marketing. The LFMPS samples only producers who are involved in local food marketing and avoids selectivity issues related to participation in direct marketing.
By: Yizao Liu, Rebecca Cleary, and Andrea Carlson
5/23/2024
The value of information to farmers from a soybean rust sentinel plot monitoring network is estimated. Monitoring provides value over time from farmers learning about their risk of infection and contemporaneously from farmers making more profitable fungicide applications. Optimizing the spatial configuration of the network reveals the value of information plateaus at around $920M with around 75 sentinel plots. The optimal spatial distribution of sentinel plots differs substantially from historical placements. Optimal sentinel plot placement would have included fewer plots in the Southern United States where the risk of infection is relatively high and more in the Midwest where soybean production is relatively high.
By: Timothy Park, Steve Martinez, and Mohammed Ibrahim
5/23/2024
This paper investigates the relationship between the health news environment and the healthfulness of consumersÕ food purchases. We estimate an unconditional quantile regression model with the 2015-2018 household-level purchase data and find that more health information is associated with a better diet. The relationship is slightly stronger at the lowest quantile of the HEI distribution, although we cannot reject equivalence with the estimate at the mean for most quantiles. Further, the association between health information and diet quality is weaker in households with higher education, implying that high education households are less likely to be affected by media information.