Inventory and Transformation Hedging Effectiveness in Corn Crushing

Recently developed ethanol futures contracts now allow direct-hedging by ethanol producers. This study examines the effectiveness of one-through eight-week hedges between 2005 and 2008. Our findings show (a) ethanol inventory hedging effectiveness is significant for two-week and longer hedges, and increases with the hedging horizon; (b) ethanol futures are significantly superior to gasoline futures for hedging ethanol price risk for two-week and longer hedges; (c) the corn crushing hedge, utilizing corn and ethanol futures, is effective and provides price risk management capabilities comparable to those provided by the soybean crush hedge.
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Dahlgran, Roger A., Inventory and Transformation Hedging Effectiveness in Corn Crushing, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 34, Issue 1, April 2009, Pages 154–171

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